Effects of dietary β-glucan and glycyrrhizin on non-specific immunity and disease resistance of the sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka) challenged with Vibrio splendidus

Jie Chang, Wenbing Zhang, Kangsen Mai, Hongming Ma, Wei Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sea cucumbers, Apostichopus japonicus Selenka, were fed diets containing non-immunostimulant (basal diet), 0. 2% β-glucan and 0.02% glycyrrhizin in a recirculatory water system for 45 days, and subsequently challenged with Vibrio splendidus by injection at 1.0×108 cfu / sea cucumber for 15 days. Phagocytic capacity (PC), intracellular superoxide anion production (ISAP), lysozyme (LSZ) activity and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the coelomic fluid were analyzed on the 0th, 5th, 10th and 15th days after injection. Results showed that after the 45-day feeding period, PC, ISAP, LSZ activity and SOD activity in sea cucumbers fed with dietary β-glucan or glycyrrhizin were significantly higher than in those fed with the basal diet. On the 5th day after infection, all the immune parameters examined in the sea cucumbers injected with V. splendidus decreased in value significantly. On the 15th day, PC, ISAP and LSZ activity returned to levels similar to those on the 0th day. For the sea cucumbers injected with saline, there were no significant differences in all the immune parameters examined and in the cumulative morbidity during the 15-day challenging trial. After injecting with V. splendidus, the cumulative morbidity of sea cucumbers fed with the basal diet was significantly higher than those fed with dietary β-glucan or glycyrrhizin when challenged with V. splendidus challenged sea cucumber fed with the basal diet was significantly higher than those fed with dietary β-glucan or glycyrrhizin. There was no significant difference in cumulative morbidity between the dietary β-glucan and glycyrrhizin treatments over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Ocean University of China
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apostichopus japonicus Selenka
  • Glycyrrhizin
  • Immunity
  • Vibrio splendidus
  • β-Glucan

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of dietary β-glucan and glycyrrhizin on non-specific immunity and disease resistance of the sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka) challenged with Vibrio splendidus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this