Effects of breast feeding and nutritional habits on breast cancer in females

Saira Afzal, Arafat Ali Farooqui, Hamza Rizwan, Abeera Akram, Saira Afzal Bajwa, M. Haseeb Ul Rasool, Hafsa Khan, Maira Tariq, Haris Zia, M. Haseeb, Ammar, Shafiq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Breast cancer arises from the uncontrolled and uncoordinated division of breast tissue. The formation of abnormal breast tissue is influenced by various risk factors. Aim: To study the effects of breast feeding and nutritional habits on breast cancer in females. Design: Case-control study Place & Duration: Mayo Hospital. 2 months (April 05, 2013. June 05, 2013) Methods: With 1:1 case to control ratio was conducted. A total of 100 persons (50 cases and 50 controls) were recruited in the study. Selection was made on laid down criteria from adult population in Lahore, Pakistan after taking due consent. Data was analyzed through SPSS version 20. Results: Out of 100 females, 51% were of <45 years of age and 49% were of.45 years of age. Out of 50 cases, 44% werepremenopausal and 56%were post-menopausal. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, un-balanced diet (OR=15.517 CI=2.603-92.484) & ghee usage in cooking(OR=43.484 CI=8.111-233.113) were found to be statistically significant. However duration of breast feeding for less than 2 years was found to be statistically non-significant (OR=0.400 CI=0.100-1.597). Conclusion: Coming to nutritional habits, unbalanced diet & use of Banaspati Ghee (saturated fats) in cooking and high fatty diets are found to have strong association with the development of breast cancer. Females with un-balanced diet have 15.5 times greater chance of getting the disease than those with balanced diet. Females who use banaspati ghee (saturated fats) in cooking have 43.4 times greater chance of getting breast cancer than those who use oils in cooking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1078-1081
Number of pages4
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017


  • Breast cancer
  • Breast feeding
  • Nutritional habits


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