Effectiveness of one-on-one coaching in improving pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) technique among COPD patients: a prospective clinical study

Jin Sun Kim, Nader Hashweh, Hannah Li, Salik Choudhary, Sadashiv Santosh, Edward Charbek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Incorrect use of inhalers among asthma and COPD patients is very prevalent. Yet, no single intervention is considered standard of care. We aimed to conduct a COPD-specific investigation of active one-on-one coaching as the educational intervention to improve pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) technique and COPD symptoms management. Methods: COPD patients who have pMDI in their treatment regimen were enrolled in this prospective study using the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria. After rapid cognitive screen, inhaler technique was assessed and an active one-on-one coaching was provided utilizing the 12-step American Thoracic Society instructions. Patients’ inhaler technique was assessed and scored again at their regular follow-up visits. Results: One hundred and one patients participated in the study. The percentage of pMDI misuse decreased from 43.5% pre-teaching to 12.9% post-teaching (binomial test p value < 0.001). The mean number of errors decreased from 3.1 errors pre-teaching to 1.7 errors post-teaching (paired t-test p value < 0.001). The number needed to treat was 3.3 patients to prevent one misuse. Patients with an impaired cognitive function were more likely to have inhaler misuse in general and less likely to improve their technique when provided training. Conclusions: This study reveals that many COPD patients have incorrect pMDI techniques that can be improved with a short training in the clinic. Trial Registration: Not applicable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number266
JournalBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • COPD patients
  • Educational intervention
  • Inhaler technique
  • One-on-one coaching
  • pMDI

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