Effective estimation and computer control of minimum tumours temperature during conductive interstitial hyperthermia

J. A. Deford, C. F. Babbs, U. H. Patel, M. W. Bleyer, J. A. Marchosky, C. J. Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The goal of heat therapy in the treatment of malignant disease is to raise the temperature of all neoplastic tissue to a cytotoxic temperature for a predetermined period of time. This seemingly simple task has proved difficult in vivo in part because of non-uniform power absorption and in part because of non-homogeneous and time-varying tumour blood flow. We have addressed this difficulty first by utilizing the conceptually simple technique of conductive interstitial hyperthermia, in which the tumour is warmed by multiple, electrically heated catheters, and second by implementing on-line control of minimum tumour temperatures near each catheter, estimated on the basis of the steady-state ratio of catheter power to catheter temperature rise. This report presents an analysis of the accuracy, precision, and stability of the on-line minimum temperature estimation/control technique for 22 patients who received 31 separate courses of conductive interstitial hyperthermia for the treatment of malignant brain tumours, and in whom temperature was monitored independently by 12-16 independent sensors per patient. In all patients the technique was found to accurately and precisely estimate and control the local minimum temperatures. Comparison of measured and estimated temperatures revealed a mean difference of 0.0°0.4°C for those sensors within 1.0 mm of the expected location for minimum temperatures. This technique therefore offers an attractive method for controlling hyperthermia therapy-even in the presence of time varying local blood flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-453
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


  • Algorithm
  • Blood flow
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma
  • Heat therapy
  • Intracranial tumour
  • Minimum temperature
  • Perfusion

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