Effect on cardiovascular function and iron metabolism of the acute removal of 2 units of red cells

L. A. Sherman, M. B. Lippmann, P. Ahmed, D. H. Buchholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The collection from a donor of 2 red cell units at one time would decrease recipient exposure to viruses and alloantigens. If the donor is a large person, the blood volume lost and the postdonation hemoglobin and/or hematocrit should be within acceptable limits. If the donor is a large person, the blood volume lost and the postdonation hemoglobin and/or hematocrit should be within acceptable limits. The effect on cardiovascular function and iron metabolism requires description. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Manual 2‐unit erythropheresis was performed on eight donors, with the plasma returned. Donors had treadmill testing of maximum aerobic power (VO2max) before donation, 24 hours after, and 8 to 11 weeks after. Serial samples were drawn for iron metabolism studies. RESULTS: Donors weighed 61.2 to 74.8 kg, and 9.6 to 11.4 percent of their blood volume was removed. Mean VO2max decreased from 84 percent of that predicted before donation to 74 percent 24 hours afterward. By 8 to 11 weeks, hemoglobin returned to acceptable donor levels and mean VO2max was 92 percent of that predicted. Mean hemoglobin fell from 14.4 to 11.7 g per dL (144 to 117 g/L) and rose to 13.9 g per dL (139 g/L) at 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, serum iron (120 ± 47 vs. 83 ± 33 micrograms/dL [21 ± 8 vs. 15 ± 6 mumol/L]), ferritin (40 ± 24 vs. 18 ± 10 ng/mL [40 ± 20 vs. 20 ± 10 micrograms/L]), and free erythroprotoporphyrin (19 ± 5 vs. 28 ± 5 micrograms/dL [0.34 ± 0.09 vs. 0.50 ± 0.09 mumol/L]) differed significantly from baseline levels. No major donor symptoms occurred. CONCLUSION: Two‐unit erythropheresis was done with blood volume loss and postdonation hemoglobin no worse than those that would occur in a 50‐kg donor donating 450 mL. Cardiovascular effects and donor symptoms were mild. Two‐unit red cell donations would be clinically advantageous, and they warrant further studies of both utility and donor safety. 1994 AABB

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-577
Number of pages5
JournalTransfusion
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect on cardiovascular function and iron metabolism of the acute removal of 2 units of red cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this