Effect of Trainee Level on Surgical Time and Postoperative Complications of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Priyanka Parameswaran, Yash Tarkunde, J. Sam Broughton, Michael G. Rizzo, Jake Goldfarb, Robert H. Brophy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between trainee level and surgical time and postoperative complications of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent ACLR at an academic orthopaedic ambulatory surgery center collected demographic and clinical information, including the number of trainees present and trainee level. Unadjusted and adjusted regression analyses assessed the association between trainee number and level with surgical time (time from skin incision to closure) and postoperative complications. Results: Of 799 patients in this study operated on by one of five academic sports surgeons, 87% had at least one trainee involved. The average surgical time overall was 93 6 21 minutes and by trainee level was 99.7 (junior resident), 88.5 (senior residents), 96.6 (fellows), and 95.6 (no trainees). Trainee level was significantly associated with surgical time (P = 0.0008), with increased surgical time in cases involving fellows (0.0011). Fifteen complications (1.9%) were observed within 90 days of surgery. No notable risk factors of postoperative complications were identified. Conclusion: Resident trainee level does not have a notable effect on surgical time or postoperative complications for ACLR at an ambulatory surgery center, although cases involving fellows had longer surgical times. Trainee level was not associated with risk of postoperative complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere23.00037
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2 2023


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