Effect of simulated rehabilitation on hip joint loading during single limb squat in patients with hip dysplasia

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Rehabilitation for patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) addresses modifiable factors in an effort to reduce symptoms and prevent or delay the development of osteoarthritis, yet its effect on joint mechanics remains unknown. Our objective was to establish how rehabilitation (muscle strengthening and movement training), simulated with a musculoskeletal model and probabilistic analyses, alters hip joint reaction forces (JRF) in patients with DDH during a single limb squat. In four patients with DDH, hip abductor strengthening was simulated by increasing the maximum isometric force value between 0 and 32.6% and movement training was simulated by decreasing the hip adduction angle between 0 and 10° relative to baseline. 2,000 Monte Carlo simulations were performed separately to simulate strengthening and movement training, from which 99% confidence bounds and sensitivity factors were calculated. Our results indicated that simulated movement training aimed at decreasing hip adduction had a substantially larger influence on hip JRF than strengthening, as indicated by 99% confidence bounds of the resultant JRF (0.88 ± 0.55 xBW vs. 0.31 ± 0.12 xBW, respectively). Relative to baseline, movement training that resulted in a 10° decrease in hip adduction decreased the resultant JRF by 0.78 ± 0.65 xBW, while strengthening the abductors by 17.6% increased resultant JRF by 0.18 ± 0.06 xBW. To our knowledge, these results are the first to provide evidence pertaining to the effect of rehabilitation on joint mechanics in patients with DDH and can be used to inform more targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110183
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
StatePublished - Feb 12 2021


  • Hip dysplasia
  • Musculoskeletal modeling
  • Probabilistic analysis
  • Rehabilitation


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