Effect of several growth factors on canine flexor tendon fibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis in vitro

Stavros Thomopoulos, Fred L. Harwood, Matthew J. Silva, David Amiel, Richard H. Gelberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Growth factor delivery may be useful to accelerate the rate of tendon healing. Before in vivo use, however, the effects of growth factors on tendon cells need to be well characterized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 4 growth factors on intrasynovial tendon fibroblast proliferation and collagen production in vitro. Our first hypothesis was that platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) would promote cell proliferation and collagen production. Our second hypothesis was that there would be a positive effect from the combination of PDGF-BB and bFGF. Methods: The growth factors PDGF-BB, bFGF, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) were evaluated in vitro with canine flexor tendon fibroblasts. The effects of single factors (PDGF-BB, bFGF, VEGF, or BMP-2) or a combination of factors (PDGF-BB and bFGF) on cell proliferation (ie, thymidine incorporation) and collagen production (ie, proline incorporation) were evaluated. Results: The results supported our hypotheses. Cell proliferation increased significantly with PDGF-BB and bFGF. Collagen production also increased significantly with PDGF-BB and bFGF. Cell proliferation and collagen production were unchanged with VEGF and BMP-2. A dose-response effect was seen for PDGF-BB combined with bFGF. The combination of PDGF-BB and bFGF led to an increase in cell proliferation but no change in collagen production compared with each factor alone. Conclusions: The growth factors PDGF-BB and bFGF significantly increased flexor tendon fibroblast proliferation and matrix synthesis when applied singly. Administration of PDGF-BB and bFGF combined led to increased proliferation to single factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-447
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • Growth factors
  • Intrasynovial
  • Tendon

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