The objective of this study was to determine if hospitalist consultation during admission for hip fracture results in improved treatment for osteoporosis. This was a retrospective chart review, carried out in a university-based academic hospital. Administrative discharge data was used to identify patients discharged between 1 September 1999 and 1 September 2001, discharged with the diagnosis of hip fracture. Eighty-two patient charts were reviewed after exclusion for traumatic and pathologic fractures. Treatment for osteoporosis consisted of medications recommended by the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF), including calcium (± vitamin D), estrogen, raloxifene, calcitonin, alendronate and risedronate. Osteoporosis treatment improvement was defined as the addition of a medication for osteoporosis that strengthened treatment. Twenty-nine percent of patients in our study received treatment for osteoporosis at the time of discharge from the hospitalization for hip fracture. While 20% received calcium, only 7% received a bisphosphonate. Twelve percent received improvement in osteoporosis treatment from admission to discharge. Those that received hospitalist consultation did not have a significant improvement in osteoporosis treatment (P = 0.314), but had significantly more co-morbid illnesses and were significantly older than those receiving no consultation (P < 0.05). Identification of osteoporosis as a medical problem was significantly associated with osteoporosis treatment (P < 0.05). Potential barriers to hospitalist consultation's effect on osteoporosis treatment included patient age and co-morbidities. Further research is needed to identify and overcome barriers to effective osteoporosis treatment in patients with fractures.
- Hip fracture