Effect of dopamine infusion on hemodynamics after hepatic denervation

Paul E. Wise, David H. Wiley, James G. Drougas, John Marsh, Irene D. Feurer, William C. Chapman, K. Taylor Blair, J. Kelly Wright, Virginia A. Eddy, C. Wright Pinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background. The effects of dopamine (DA) on systemic hemodynamics are better understood than its effects on hepatic hemodynamics, especially after liver denervation occurring during liver transplantation. Therefore, a porcine model was used to study DA's effects on hemodynamics after hepatic denervation. Materials and methods. Fifteen pigs underwent laparotomy for catheter and flow probe placement. The experimental group (n = 7) also underwent hepatic denervation. After 1 week, all pigs underwent DA infusion at increasing doses (3-30 mcg/kg/min) while measuring hepatic parameters [portal vein flow (PVF), hepatic artery flow (HAF), total hepatic blood flow (THBF = HAF + PVF), portal and hepatic vein pressures] and systemic parameters [heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP)]. Results. There was a significant increase in HAF from baseline to the 30 mcg/kg/min DA infusion rate (within-subjects P < 0.01), but the differences between the two groups were not significant. PVF and THBF showed large effects (increases) with denervation, but the increase in flow with DA infusion was not present after denervation. Perihepatic pressures were unchanged by denervation or DA. Heart rate differed significantly between the control and denervated animals at baseline, 3, 6, 12 (all P < 0.05), and 30 mcg/kg/min DA (P = 0.10). Control vs denervation MAP at baseline was 100 ± 4 vs 98 ± 4 Torr and at 30 mcg/kg/min it was 110 ± 3 vs 101 ± 5 mm Hg. Conclusions. Hepatic flows tended to be higher after denervation. HAF showed similar increases with DA in both control and denervation groups. Increases in PVF and THBF with DA infusion were not present after denervation. HR was significantly decreased and MAP tended to be lower after denervation. The HR and MAP response to DA was similar in both groups. Therefore, both denervation and DA infusion have an effect on systemic and hepatic hemodynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2001


  • Catecholamine
  • Dopamine
  • Hepatic blood flow
  • Hepatic denervation
  • Hepatic hemodynamics
  • Liver perfusion
  • Liver transplantation
  • Pig
  • Porcine


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of dopamine infusion on hemodynamics after hepatic denervation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this