Effect of decreasing the ACR TI-RADS point assignment for punctate echogenic foci when they occur in mixed solid and cystic thyroid nodules

Sharlene A. Teefey, William D. Middleton, Carl C. Reading, Jill E. Langer, Michael D. Beland, Margaret M. Szabunio, Terry S. Desser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Using the American College of Radiology (ACR) Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS), this study sought to determine whether decreasing the point assignment for punctate echogenic foci in mixed solid and cystic nodules would reduce the number of benign mixed solid and cystic nodules that were biopsied and would not substantially increase the number of missed mixed carcinomas MATERIALS AND METHODS. A multiinstitutional database of 3422 pathologically proven thyroid nodules was evaluated to identify all mixed solid and cystic nodules with punctate echogenic foci. We determined the numbers of mixed benign and malignant nodules that would receive ACR TI-RADS recommendations of fine-needle aspiration, follow-up, and no further evaluation if the points assigned to punctate echogenic foci were changed from 3 points to 1 or 2 points. RESULTS. A total of 287 mixed nodules were adequately characterized for evaluation. When the number of points assigned to punctate echogenic foci was changed from 3 points to 1 point, the point categories changed for 198 mixed nodules. Seven carcinomas would not undergo biopsy, but six of those seven would receive follow-up, and 44 benign nodules would not undergo biopsy. When 2 points were assigned to punctate echogenic foci, the point categories changed for 66 mixed nodules. Three carcinomas would not undergo biopsy, but all three of these would receive follow-up, and eight benign nodules would not undergo biopsy. CONCLUSION. Consideration should be given to decreasing the number of points assigned to punctate echogenic foci in mixed solid and cystic thyroid nodules, given the substantial decrease in the number of benign nodules requiring biopsy and the recommendation of follow-up for any carcinoma 1 cm or larger that did not undergo biopsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-485
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume216
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • ACR TI-RADS
  • Imaging
  • Punctate echogenic foci
  • Reporting system
  • Thyroid carcinoma
  • Ultrasound

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of decreasing the ACR TI-RADS point assignment for punctate echogenic foci when they occur in mixed solid and cystic thyroid nodules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this