Effect of cognitive behavioral therapy on heart rate variability during REM sleep in female rape victims with PTSD

Pallavi Nishith, Stephen P. Duntley, Peter P. Domitrovich, Matthew L. Uhles, Brenda J. Cook, Phyllis K. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Six female rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assessed for sleep disturbances. Five responded to cognitive -behavioral therapy (CBT) and one did not complete treatment. Sympatho-vagal balance was measured using heart rate variability (HRV) during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. The treatment responders significantly decreased on HRV while the noncompleter increased. The responders also significantly decreased on sleep disturbances. The noncompleter remained unchanged. Thus a remission in PTSD symptoms following CBT accompanied a reduction in the HRV indicator of sympathetic predominance in REM sleep.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-250
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • CBT
  • HRV
  • Nightmares
  • PTSD
  • Rape
  • Sleep

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