Effect of challenging neck anatomy on mid-term migration rates in AneuRx endografts

Joseph J. Fulton, Mark A. Farber, Luis A. Sanchez, Christopher J. Godshall, William A. Marston, Robert Mendes, Brian G. Rubin, Gregorio A. Sicard, Blair A. Keagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To establish the effect of challenging neck anatomy on the mid- and long-term incidence of migration with the AneuRx bifurcated device in patients treated after Food and Drug Administration approval and to identify the predictive factors for device migration. Methods: Prospectively maintained databases at the University of North Carolina (UNC) and Washington University (WU) were used to identify 595 patients (UNC, n = 230; WU, n = 365) who underwent endovascular repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with the AneuRx bifurcated stent graft. Those patients with at least 30 months of follow-up were identified and underwent further assessment of migration (UNC, n = 25; WU, n = 59) by use of multiplanar reconstructed computed tomographic scans. Results: Eighty-four patients with a mean follow-up time of 40.3 months (range, 30-55 months) were studied. Seventy percent of the patients (n = 59) met all inclusion criteria for neck anatomy (length, angle, diameter, and quality) as defined by the revised instructions for use guidelines and are referred to as those with favorable neck anatomy (FNA). The remaining 25 patients retrospectively fell outside of the revised instructions for use guidelines and are referred to as those with unfavorable neck anatomy (UFNA). Life-table analysis for FNA patients at 2 and 4 years revealed a migration rate of 0% and 6.1%, respectively. For UFNA patients, it was 24.0% and 42.1% at 2 and 4 years, respectively (P < .0001). The overall (FNA and UFNA) migration rate was 7.1% and 17.1% at 2 and 4 years, respectively. Overall, late graft-related complications occurred in 38% of patients (FNA, 27%; UFNA, 64%; P = .003; relative risk, 1.7). There was no incidence of late rupture or open conversion. The relative risk of migration for UFNA patients was 2.5 compared with FNA patients (P = .0003). A larger neck angle and a longer initial graft to renal artery distance were predictors of migration, whereas shorter neck length approached but did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Patients who have unfavorable aneurysm neck anatomy experience significantly higher migration, device-related complication, and secondary intervention rates. However, there was no incidence of open conversion, rupture, or abdominal aortic aneurysm-related death, thereby supporting the AneuRx device as a feasible alternative to open repair even in patients with challenging neck characteristics. Enhanced surveillance should be used in these high-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)932-937
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of challenging neck anatomy on mid-term migration rates in AneuRx endografts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this