Effect of aging on glucose and lipid metabolism during endurance exercise

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Abstract

Endurance exercise increases the use of endogenous fuels to provide energy for working muscles. Elderly subjects oxidize more glucose and less fat during moderate intensity exercise. This shift in substrate use is presumably caused by age-related changes in skeletal muscle, including decreased skeletal muscle respiratory capacity, because adipose tissue lipolysis and plasma fatty acid availability are not rate limiting. Endurance training in elderly subjects increases muscle respiratory capacity, decreases glucose production and oxidation, and increases fat oxidation thereby correcting or compensating for the alterations in substrate oxidation associated with aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S86-S91
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition
Volume11
Issue numberSUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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