Echocardiography, dyssynchrony, and the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy

Cheuk Man Yu, John E. Sanderson, John Gorcsan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Biventricular pacing or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been a considerable advance in the therapy of chronic heart failure. However, it is clear that not all patients benefit either in terms of symptoms or cardiac function, and some may be worsened by CRT. In this review, we consider the arguments, both clinical and economical, in favour of improved selection of patients for CRT other than those in current guidelines. It also seems clear that the fundamental mechanism of CRT is correction of dyssynchrony, and we review the various methodologies available to detect dyssynchrony. Other factors are probably also important in determining outcomes such as lead position, the extent and form of myocardial damage, optimizing pacemaker performance, and clinical expertise. The potential costs of inappropriate CRT implantation are high to our patients and to the health economy, and it behoves the cardiology community to develop better selection criteria. The current guidelines can and should be improved. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2326-2337b
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Dyssynchrony
  • Echocardiography


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