Eating disorders in a community-based sample of women with alcohol use disorder and nicotine dependence

Melissa A. Munn-Chernoff, Lauren R. Few, Camden E. Matherne, Jessica H. Baker, Vera Yu Men, Vivia V. McCutcheon, Arpana Agrawal, Kathleen K. Bucholz, Pamela A.F. Madden, Andrew C. Heath, Alexis E. Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Studies consistently report a higher prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among women with eating disorders than control women. However, limited research exists on the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in women with SUDs, especially in community-based populations. We examined the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms and diagnosis by the presence or absence of lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD) and/or nicotine dependence (ND) in a community-based sample of women. METHODS: 3756 women (median age = 22 years) from the Missouri Adolescent Female Twin Study completed a modified semi-structured interview assessing lifetime DSM-IV psychiatric disorders and SUDs. Logistic regression models adjusted for demographic characteristics and other psychopathology, and robust standard errors accounted for the non-independence of twin data. RESULTS: In general, women with comorbid AUD and ND had a higher prevalence of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses than women with AUD or ND Only, who in turn had a higher prevalence than those without either SUD. After adjustment for covariates, women with AUD and ND had significantly greater risk of broad anorexia nervosa (RRR = 3.17; 99 % CI = 1.35, 7.44), purging disorder (2.59; 1.24, 5.43), and numerous eating disorder symptoms than women with neither disorder. Significant differences emerged between individuals with both AUD and ND versus women with AUD Only or ND Only for some eating disorder symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Women with lifetime AUD or ND diagnoses are at high risk for eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses, underscoring the importance of assessing eating disorder symptoms among women with these disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107981
Number of pages1
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume212
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Eating disorder symptoms
  • Nicotine
  • Purging disorder

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