Early recurrence in standard-risk medulloblastoma patients with the common idic(17)(p11.2) rearrangement

Gabriel A. Bien-Willner, Dolores Lpez-Terrada, Meena B. Bhattacharjee, Kayuri U. Patel, Pawe Stankiewicz, James R. Lupski, John D. Pfeifer, Arie Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medulloblastoma is diagnosed histologically; treatment depends on staging and age of onset. Whereas clinical factors identify a standard-and a high-risk population, these findings cannot differentiate which standard-risk patients will relapse and die. Outcome is thought to be influenced by tumor subtype and molecular alterations. Poor prognosis has been associated with isochromosome (i)17q in some but not all studies. In most instances, molecular investigations document that i17q is not a true isochromosome but rather an isodicentric chromosome, idic(17)(p11.2), with rearrangement breakpoints mapping within the REPA/REPB region on 17p11.2. This study explores the clinical utility of testing for idic(17)(p11.2) rearrangements using an assay based on fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). This test was applied to 58 consecutive standard-and high-risk medulloblastomas with a 5-year minimum of clinical follow-up. The presence of i17q (ie, including cases not involving the common breakpoint), idic(17)(p11.2), and histologic subtype was correlated with clinical outcome. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were consistent with literature reports. Fourteen patients (25) had i17q, with 10 (18) involving the common isodicentric rearrangement. The presence of i17q was associated with a poor prognosis. OS and DFS were poor in all cases with anaplasia (4), unresectable disease (7), and metastases at presentation (10); however, patients with standard-risk tumors fared better. Of these 44 cases, tumors with idic(17)(p11.2) were associated with significantly worse patient outcomes and shorter mean DFS. FISH detection of idic(17)(p11.2) may be useful for risk stratification in standard-risk patients. The presence of this abnormal chromosome is associated with early recurrence of medulloblastoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-840
Number of pages10
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Keywords

  • FISH
  • i17q
  • idic(17)(p11.2)
  • medulloblastoma
  • pediatric oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Early recurrence in standard-risk medulloblastoma patients with the common idic(17)(p11.2) rearrangement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bien-Willner, G. A., Lpez-Terrada, D., Bhattacharjee, M. B., Patel, K. U., Stankiewicz, P., Lupski, J. R., Pfeifer, J. D., & Perry, A. (2012). Early recurrence in standard-risk medulloblastoma patients with the common idic(17)(p11.2) rearrangement. Neuro-oncology, 14(7), 831-840. https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/nos086