Early prediction and aspirin for prevention of pre-eclampsia (EPAPP) study: A randomized controlled trial

A. O. Odibo, K. R. Goetzinger, L. Odibo, M. G. Tuuli

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33 Scopus citations


Objective To estimate the effect of early administration of aspirin on the prevention of pre-eclampsia in high-risk women. Methods This was planned as a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of aspirin for women with risk factors for pre-eclampsia. Participants were randomized to start either aspirin (81 mg/day) or placebo at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation. The primary outcome was pre-eclampsia and secondary outcomes included gestational hypertension and small-for-gestational age at birth. Results The trial suffered from slow recruitment, leading to a protocol change to broaden the inclusion criteria (from a minimum score of multiple risk factors to at least one risk factor for pre-eclampsia). The trial was then terminated prematurely due to continuing slow recruitment and a lack of equipoise given a change in national guidelines to administer aspirin to high-risk women. From the 53 women who were randomized, 30 were included in the final analysis. There was no evidence that the primary outcome of pre-eclampsia was prevented by low-dose aspirin (relative risk (RR) 0.88, 95% CI 0.21-3.66). Gestational hypertension was seen in two women, both in the aspirin group. There was no evidence that the occurrence of small-for-gestational age was reduced by aspirin (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.06-12.72). Conclusions Although this study was underpowered to show effectiveness of aspirin compared to placebo due to the premature termination and difficulties encountered, it highlights practical issues to inform future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-418
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • acetylsalicylic acid
  • ASA
  • aspirin
  • high-risk
  • pre-eclampsia


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