Early Outcomes From a Multicenter Transcatheter Self-Expanding Pulmonary Valve Replacement Registry

Bryan H. Goldstein, Doff B. McElhinney, Matthew J. Gillespie, Jamil A. Aboulhosn, Daniel S. Levi, Brian H. Morray, Allison K. Cabalka, Barry A. Love, Jeffrey D. Zampi, David T. Balzer, Mark A. Law, Mary D. Schiff, Arvind Hoskoppal, Athar M. Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) with the self-expanding Harmony valve (Medtronic) is an emerging treatment for patients with native or surgically repaired right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) pulmonary regurgitation (PR). Limited data are available since U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval in 2021. Objectives: In this study, the authors sought to evaluate the safety and short-term effectiveness of self-expanding TPVR in a real-world experience. Methods: This was a multicenter registry study of consecutive patients with native RVOT PR who underwent TPVR through April 30, 2022, at 11 U.S. centers. The primary outcome was a composite of hemodynamic dysfunction (PR greater than mild and RVOT mean gradient >30 mm Hg) and RVOT reintervention. Results: A total of 243 patients underwent TPVR at a median age of 31 years (Q1-Q3: 19-45 years). Cardiac diagnoses were tetralogy of Fallot (71%), valvular pulmonary stenosis (21%), and other (8%). Acute technical success was achieved in all but 1 case. Procedural serious adverse events occurred in 4% of cases, with no device embolization or death. Hospital length of stay was 1 day in 86% of patients. Ventricular arrhythmia prompting treatment occurred in 19% of cases. At a median follow-up of 13 months (Q1-Q3: 8-19 months), 98% of patients had acceptable hemodynamic function. Estimated freedom from the composite clinical outcome was 99% at 1 year and 96% at 2 years. Freedom from TPVR-related endocarditis was 98% at 1 year. Five patients died from COVID-19 (n = 1), unknown causes (n = 2), and bloodstream infection (n = 2). Conclusions: In this large multicenter real-world experience, short-term clinical and hemodynamic outcomes of self-expanding TPVR therapy were excellent. Ongoing follow-up of this cohort will provide important insights into long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1310-1321
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume83
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2024

Keywords

  • Harmony transcatheter pulmonary valve
  • native right ventricular outflow tract
  • pulmonary regurgitation
  • pulmonary stenosis
  • tetralogy of Fallot

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