Fractionated TBI (FTBI) followed by allogeneic hematopoietic SCT results in donor engraftment and improves survival in children with high-risk hematologic malignancies. However, acute toxicities (skin, lung and mucosa) are common after FTBI. Late complications include cataracts, endocrine dysfunction, sterility and impaired neurodevelopment. Instead of FTBI, we used low-dose single fraction TBI (550cGy) with CY as transplant conditioning for pediatric hematologic malignancies. GVHD prophylaxis included CYA and short-course MTX; methylprednisolone was added for unrelated donor transplants. A total of 55 children in first (40%) or second remission and beyond (60%) underwent transplantation from BM (65%) or peripheral blood; 62% from unrelated donors; 22% were mismatched. Median follow-up was 18.5 months (1-68). Overall survival and disease-free survival at 1 year were 60 and 47%, respectively. Acute toxicities included grade 3-4 mucositis (18%), invasive infections (11%), multiorgan failure/shock (11%), hemolytic anemia (7%), veno-occlusive disease (4%) and renal failure (4%). TRM was 11% at 100 days. Non-relapse mortality was 6% thereafter. Graft rejection occurred in 2%. Three patients (5%) died of GVHD. The regimen was well tolerated even in heavily pretreated children and supported donor cell engraftment; long-term follow up is in progress.