Introduction: Percutaneous cholecystostomy tube (PCT) placement is often the initial management approach to severe acute cholecystitis in the unstable patient. However, the timing of cholecystectomy after PCT has not been carefully examined. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes of early versus late cholecystectomy following PCT placement. Methods: The New York SPARCS administrative database was searched for all patients undergoing PCT placement between 2000 and 2012. Patients were followed for subsequent cholecystectomy (CCX) procedures up to 2014. Subsequent cholecystectomies were divided into early (≤ 8 weeks) versus late (> 8 weeks) groups. Outcomes included overall complications, 30-day readmissions, 30-day Emergency Department (ED) visits, and length of stay (LOS). Multivariable regression models were used to examine the differences in clinical outcomes between these two groups, after adjusting for possible confounding factors. Results: There were 9728 patients who underwent PCT placement identified during the time period, as early subsequent cholecystectomy was performed in 1211 patients (40.4%), while 1787 (59.6%) patients had a late cholecystectomy. Average time to cholecystectomy was 38 days in the early group, versus 203 days in the late group. After adjusting for other confounding factors, patients with early CCX had a significantly higher risk of overall complications and longer LOS compared to the late CCX group (P = 0.01 and P = 0.0004, respectively). There were no significant differences in 30-day readmissions and 30-day ED visits. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the risk of CBD injury between the two groups (n = 21, 1.7% in the early cholecystectomy group and n = 26, 1.5% in the late cholecystectomy group). Conclusion: Early cholecystectomy (≤ 8 weeks) is associated with a higher risk of complications and longer hospital LOS compared to cholecystectomy performed at > 8 weeks. Surgeons should be aware and should delay cholecystectomy beyond 8 weeks to improve outcomes.
- Percutaneous cholecystostomy tube