We have previously shown that formation of a 1:1 fully wrapped complex of Escherichia coli SSB tetramer with (dT) 70 displays a temperature-dependent sign reversal of the binding heat capacity (ΔC P). Here we examine SSB binding to shorter oligodeoxynucleotides ((dX) 35) to probe whether this effect requires binding of one or two (dX) 35 molecules per SSB tetramer. We find that the ΔC P for the first molecule of (dX) 35 is always negative. However, a sign reversal of ΔC P from negative to positive occurs with increasing temperature for binding of the second (dX) 35. This striking behavior of ΔC P for the second (dX) 35 appears linked to conformational changes within the ssDNA-SSB complex that are required to form a fully wrapped (SSB) 65 binding mode. These results also underscore that binding heat capacities of macromolecular interactions have multiple origins that cannot be understood simply on the basis of examining static structures.
- Opposite heat capacity effect
- SSB-ssDNA thermodynamics
- Salt dependence
- ssDNA binding