Dysphagia in the young male: The ringed esophagus

Michael A. Smith, G. Alexander Patterson, Joel D. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The endoscopic view of the multi-ringed esophagus readily explains why the term "tracheal esophagus" is applicable. This entity may be undiagnosed until dysphagia and impactions secondary to strictures occur in the young male. Several factors point to a congenital rather than an acquired disorder. Treatment consists of slow, progressive dilatations that are repeated for recurrent dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-356
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


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