Dynamics of a stroop matching task: Effect of alcohol and reversal with training

Isabel A. David, Eliane Volchan, Isabel Alfradique, Letícia de Oliveira, Mirtes G. Pereira, Ronald Ranvaud, Jaime Vila, Walter Machado-Pinheiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using a Stroop matching task, we evaluated how alcohol affects the time needed to overcome Stroop confict and whether practice might reverse the effect of alcohol. Participants (n = 16) performed two sessions in which they had to compare the color of a color-word with the meaning of a color-word in neutral color. The two task stimuli were presented simultaneously or with a Stimulus Onset Asynchrony (SOA) of 200, 500, or 800 ms. For half of the subjects, alcohol was administered in the frst session, and for the other half, alcohol was administered in the second session. The results showed that the Stroop effect was signifcant at the 0 and 200 ms intervals in the sober subjects. Moreover, in untrained intoxicated individuals, interference endured until the 500 ms interval, a result that was abolished in trained intoxicated subjects. In conclusion, alcohol increased the time needed for Stroop matching task confict resolution. However, this deleterious effect was minimized by a previous practice session.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-283
Number of pages5
JournalPsychology and Neuroscience
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Feature-attention
  • Practice
  • Reaction time
  • Stroop task

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