Dynamic Equivalent Model Development to Improve the Operation Efficiency of Wind Farm

Xueyang Cheng, Wei Jen Lee, Mandhir Sahni, Yunzhi Cheng, Lyndon K. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


An increasing number of wind turbine generators (WTGs) are being installed in modern power system networks. As a result, substantial achievements have been made in developing generic wind models to represent the dynamic behavior of WTGs on the grid. The Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) has developed and proposed four generic models for positive sequence stability analysis of WTG. These models provide a good first step in terms of simulating the dynamic response of WTGs on the power system grid. Since it requires accurate parameters to predict the true response of the WTG, challenges associated with the simulation of dynamic response of WTGs in the field still remain. This paper proposes a procedure to estimate parameters of dynamic equivalent model of WTG by using the measurement data from phasor measurement units (PMUs). Hybrid dynamic simulation is used to reduce external system by employing input signal on PMU bus. Stochastic approximation is adopted in searching optimized model parameter values. A two-WTG subsystem in Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) is presented as a case study to address the importance of correct model in system operation strategy. Two most commonly used generic WTG models have been utilized to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7423755
Pages (from-to)2759-2767
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Dynamic equivalent model
  • hybrid dynamic simulation
  • operation efficiency
  • phasor measurement unit (PMU)
  • stochastic optimization
  • wind turbine generator (WTG)


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