Duplication and divergence of the amino-terminal coding region of the complement receptor 1 (CR1) gene. An example of concerted (horizontal) evolution within a gene

D. Hourcade, D. R. Miesner, C. Bee, W. Zeldes, J. P. Atkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human C3b/C4b receptor or complement receptor type one (CR1) is one of a family of receptor and regulatory glycoproteins that are encoded at a single genetic region (1q32) and are composed largely of a tandemly repeated motif (short consensus repeat or SCR) of ~60 amino acids. In addition, CR1 features an internal homology of seven SCRs in length, known as a long homologous repeat, that is reiterated four times, in the major polymorphic size variant, from SCR-1 to SCR-28, and may be reiterated three, five, and six times in other polymorphic forms. In the course of studying CR1, we detected sequences closely related to CR1 on several overlapping genomic clones. We have characterized a 40-kilobase CR1-like genomic region containing 10 potential exons that are 95% homologous to the amino-terminal coding portion of CR1. This region appears to be a partial duplication of CR1 and may encode a related gene. A comparison of CR1 and CR1-like sequences suggests that unequal crossing-over and concerted evolution have occurred within the most precisely reiterated subregion of CR1. Similar mechanisms have been important in the evolution of tandemly repeated genes and could provide the means for generation of the CR1 polymorphic size variants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-980
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 12 1990

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