Dosimetric impact of an i 192 r brachytherapy source cable length modeled using a grid-based Boltzmann transport equation solver

Justin K. Mikell, Firas Mourtada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the dose distributions of an I 192 r source (model VS2000) in homogeneous water geometry calculated using a deterministic grid-based Boltzmann transport equation solver (GBBS) in the commercial treatment planning system (TPS) (BRACHYVISION-ACUROS v8.8). Methods: Using percent dose differences (%ΔD), the GBBS (BV-ACUROS) was compared to the (1) published TG-43 data, (2) MCNPX Monte Carlo (MC) simulations of the I 192 r source centered in a 15 cm radius water sphere, and (3) TGs-43 output from the TPS using vendor supplied (BV-TG43-vendor) and user extended (BV-TG43-extended) 2D anisotropy functions F (r,θ). BV-ACUROS assumes 1 mm of NiTi cable, while the TPS TG-43 algorithm uses data based on a 15 cm cable. MC models of various cable lengths were simulated. Results: The MC simulations resulted in >20% dose deviations along the cable for 1, 2, and 3 mm cable lengths relative to 15 cm. BV-ACUROS comparisons with BV-TG43-vendor and BV-TG43-extended yielded magnitude of differences, consistent with those seen in MC simulations. However, differences >20% extended further (θ10°) when using the vendor supplied anisotropy function Fven (r,θ). These differences were also seen in comparisons of F (r,θ) derived from the TPS output. Conclusions: The results suggest that %Δ D near the cable region is larger than previously estimated. The spatial distribution of the dose deviation is highly dependent on the reference TG-43 data used to compare to GBBS. The differences observed, while important to realize, should not have an impact on clinical dosimetry in homogeneous water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4733-4743
Number of pages11
JournalMedical physics
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • GBBS
  • TG-43
  • brachytherapy
  • discrete ordinates

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