Dopamine antagonist haloperidol decreases substance P, substance K, and preprotachykinin mRNAs in rat striatonigral neurons

M. J. Bannon, J. M. Lee, P. Giraud, A. Young, H. U. Affolter, T. I. Bonner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

139 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rat genomic clones were used to quantitate preprotachykinin mRNAs in the rat basal ganglia, while the tachykinin peptide products substance P and substance K were measured by radioimmunoassay. Administration of the dopamine antagonist (antipsychotic) drug haloperidol significantly decreased substance P, substance K, and both α (substance P encoding) and β (substance P/substance K encoding) preprotachykinin mRNAs, suggesting a drug-induced decrease in striatonigral tachykinin biosynthesis. The time course for decreased preprotachykinin mRNAs and tachykinins apparently parallels the period of maximum risk for the development of certain antipsychotic drug-induced extrapyramidal side effects seen clinically. Tachykinin interaction with dopamine neurons may play an important role in the modulation of basal ganglia function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6640-6642
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number15
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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