Donor heart preservation with the potassium channel opener pinacidil: Comparison with University of Wisconsin and St. Thomas' solution

Eric M. Hoenicke, David S. Peterseim, Christopher T. Ducko, Xiwu Sun, Ralph J. Damiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hyperpolarized arrest with the potassium channel opener pinacidil has been shown to provide effective myocardial protection during short-term global ischemia. This study tested the hypothesis that pinacidil may provide effective long-term protection for heart transplant preservation. Methods: Four concentrations of pinacidil (50 μM, 100 μM, 0.5 mM, 1.0 mM) mixed in Krebs-Henseleit solution were compared with University of Wisconsin and St. Thomas' Hospital solutions in a Krebs-Henseleit perfused rabbit Langendorff model (n = 6 for each group). Hearts underwent 4 hours of hypothermic (4°C) storage. Over a wide range of volumes, left ventricular systolic function, diastolic compliance, and coronary flow were measured prior to and following storage. Time to mechanical and electrical arrest, and post-ischemic percent tissue water were also measured. Results: Pinacidil 0.5 mM provided the best preservation of post-ischemic systolic function and coronary flow compared with the other pinacidil concentrations and was statistically equivalent to St. Thomas' solution in terms of post-ischemic systolic, diastolic, and flow properties. However, hearts protected with University of Wisconsin solution had significantly better preservation of systolic function and coronary flow. Conclusions: This investigation demonstrated that pinacidil in Krebs-Henseleit solution possesses efficacy in long-term donor heart preservation. Pinacidil was equivalent to St. Thomas' solution but inferior to University of Wisconsin solution. Hyperpolarized arrest with potassium channel openers may be a novel strategy to improve donor heart preservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-297
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000

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