Does the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Correlate to Legacy Scores in Measuring Mental Health in Young Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients?

Wahid Abu-Amer, Charles M. Lawrie, Jeffrey J. Nepple, John C. Clohisy, Susan Thapa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mental health is becoming increasingly important in patient outcomes. The patient reported outcome measurement information system (PROMIS) was developed by the NIH to collect outcome data in rapid dynamic fashion on electronic platforms. The potential role of PROMIS in monitoring young total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients is under-investigated. The purpose of this study is to investigate correlations between PROMIS Depression or Anxiety with SF-12 mental component score. Methods: We identified 223 hips (200 patients) who underwent primary THA over a 30-month period at a single institution. Patients without preoperative PROMIS or SF-12 mental scores, or >50yo were excluded. All data was collected preoperatively and included age, sex, BMI, ASA, PROMIS Depression, PROMIS Anxiety, and SF-12 Mental component score. We considered floor and ceiling effects as significant if >15% of patients responded with the lowest or highest possible score, respectively. Relationships between SF-12 and PROMIS were investigated using correlation (R), and were considered strong if R>0.7. Results: Mean age was 41-years-old, mean ASA category was 2, mean BMI was 30kg/m2, and 54% were female. None of the PROMs showed any floor/ceiling effects at baseline. PROMIS Depression showed a strong correlation to SF-12 Mental (R=-0.72) while PROMIS Anxiety showed a moderate correlation to SF-12 Mental (R=-0.58). Negative linear relationships were observed because a lower PROMIS Depression/Anxiety values indicates less depressive/anxious feelings (inverse of SF-12). Conclusion: PROMIS Anxiety and Depression correlate well with SF-12 mental. These PROMIS domains may be attractive alternatives to legacy mental health instruments in young THA patients. Level of Evidence: III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalThe Iowa orthopaedic journal
Volume42
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • mental health
  • patient-reported outcomes measurement information system
  • promis
  • sf-12 mental
  • total hip arthroplasty

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