Background: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) was developed by the National Institutes of Health to collect outcome data in rapid dynamic fashion on electronic platforms. The potential role of PROMIS in monitoring pain and function in young total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients has been under-investigated. The purpose of this study is to investigate correlation between PROMIS Physical Function (PF) and PROMIS Pain Interference (PI) and legacy scores with similar considerations. Methods: We identified 298 hips who underwent primary THA over 40 months. Patients without preoperative PROMIS or legacy scores, or >50 years were excluded. Demographic data included age, gender, and body mass index. Outcome data included PF, PI, modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) domains, and Short Form 12 components. Floor/ceiling effects were considered to be significant if ≥15% of patients responded with the lowest or highest possible score. Spearman correlation (R) was performed to investigate correlation between legacy scores and PROMIS domains. Results: Mean age was 40 years, mean body mass index was 30.1 kg/m2, and 55% were female. None of the patient-reported outcome measures showed any floor/ceiling effects. PI showed moderate correlation to mHHS (R = −0.60), WOMAC Pain (R = −0.62), and WOMAC PF (R = −0.60). PF showed moderate correlation to mHHS (R = 0.66) and WOMAC PF (R = 0.55). Mean PF and PI scores differed significantly from the general population mean of 50 (36.7, 65.4, respectively; both P < .001). Conclusion: PROMIS is an attractive alternative to legacy scoring measures, showing moderate correlations between PROMIS physical domains and legacy PROMs of WOMAC and mHHS in young patients undergoing THA.
- Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)
- physical health
- total hip arthroplasty