Does test-induced priming play a role in the creation of false memories?

Elizabeth J. Marsh, Kathleen B. McDermott, Henry L. Roediger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We investigated the role of test-induced priming in creating false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, in which subjects study lists of related words (bed, rest, awake) and then falsely recall or recognise a related word (sleep) on a later test. However, in experiments using three different procedures, we found that the number of related words tested prior to the critical word had surprisingly little impact on false recall and recognition. We manipulated the location of the critical item in tests of yes/no recognition, word-stem cued recall, and part-set cued recall. We consistently obtained high probabilities of false recall and recognition, but the probability was unaffected by the number of related items presented prior to the test of the critical item. Surprisingly, test-induced priming of the critical item does not seem to play a large role in this memory illusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-55
Number of pages12
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004


Dive into the research topics of 'Does test-induced priming play a role in the creation of false memories?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this