Does Sustained Reduction of Functional Mitral Regurgitation Impact Survival?

Tessa M.F. Watt, Alexander A. Brescia, Shannon L. Murray, Liza M. Rosenbloom, Alexander Wisnielwski, David Burn, Matthew A. Romano, Steven F. Bolling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is associated with increased mortality and has been considered a marker for advanced heart disease, yet the value of mitral valve repair (MVr) in this population remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the impact of reducing FMR burden through surgical MVr on survival. Patients with severe FMR who underwent MVr with an undersized, complete, rigid, annuloplasty between 2004 and 2017 were assessed (n = 201). Patients were categorized based on grade of recurrent FMR (0-4). Time-to-event Kaplan-Meier estimations of freedom from death or reoperation were performed using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards models evaluated all-cause mortality and reported in hazards ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Patients were categorized by postoperative recurrent FMR: 45% (91/201) of patients had grade 0, 29% (58/201) grade 1, 20% (40/201) grade 2, 2% (4/201) grade 3%, and 4% (8/201) grade 4. The cumulative incidence of reoperation with death as a competing risk was higher in patients with grades ≥3 recurrent FMR compared to grades ≤2 (44.6% vs 14.6%, subhazard ratio 3.69 [95% CI, 1.17-11.6]; P = 0.026). Overall freedom from death or reoperation was superior for recurrent FMR grades ≤2 compared to grades ≥3 (log-rank P < 0.001). Increasing recurrent FMR grade was independently associated with mortality (HR 1.30 [95% CI, 1.07-1.59] P = 0.009). Reduced postoperative FMR grade resulted in an incrementally lower risk of death or reoperation after MVr. These results suggest that achieving a durable reduction in FMR burden improves long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • functional mitral regurgitation
  • ischemic heart disease
  • mitral valve

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