Background: Although femoral osteoplasty is common practice in treating cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), long-term data are lacking that support the ability of this procedure to optimize outcomes and alter natural history. Purpose: To compare long-term clinical outcomes and survivorship of treatment for symptomatic FAI via arthroscopic correction of labral or chondral pathology with and without femoral osteoplasty. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed across 2 consecutive cohorts of patients with isolated cam-type FAI who underwent hip arthroscopic treatment of labral or chondral pathology without femoral osteoplasty (HS group) or with femoral osteoplasty (HS-OST group). These unique cohorts were established at a distinct transition time in our practice before and after adoption of femoral osteoplasty for treatment of FAI. Clinical outcomes were measured using the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess for total hip arthroplasty (THA)–free and reoperation-free survivorship. Results: The final HS group included 17 hips followed for 19.7 ± 1.2 years, and the final HS-OST group included 23 hips followed for 16.0 ± 0.6 years. No significant patient or morphological differences were found between groups. Compared with the HS group, the HS-OST group had significantly higher final mHHS (82.7 vs 64.7 for HS-OST vs HS, respectively; P =.002) and mHHS improvement (18.4 vs 6.1; P =.02). The HS-OST group also had significantly greater 15-year THA-free survivorship versus the HS group (78% vs 41%, respectively; P =.02) and reoperation-free survivorship (78% vs 29%; P =.003). Conclusion: This study demonstrated superior long-term clinical outcomes and survivorship with combined arthroscopy and femoral osteoplasty compared with hip arthroscopy alone. These long-term data strongly support the practice of femoral osteoplasty in patients with cam FAI morphologies and suggest that this treatment alters the natural history of FAI at long-term follow-up.
- femoroacetabular impingement