Does difficulty functioning in the surrogate role equate to vulnerability in critical illness research? Use of path analysis to examine the relationship between difficulty providing substituted judgment and receptivity to critical illness research participation

Brian R. Clarridge, Dragana Bolcic-Jankovic, Jessica LeBlanc, Rumel S. Mahmood, Carie R. Kennedy, Bradley D. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Individuals who struggle to provide substitute judgment for the critically ill often find it challenging to engage in decision making for therapeutic interventions. Although essential to the conduct of research, how these individuals respond to requests for clinical trial participation is poorly understood. Methods: Survey data collected to examine surrogate attitudes toward research provided the conceptual framework to explore influences on decision making. Path analysis was used to derive the final model (nonlatent, fully recursive, 1 indicator/variable). Results: Surrogates with list-wise complete records (406) were analyzed. The following variables were not retained in the final model: education, income, religiosity, decision-making experience, discussion of patient's wishes, number of individuals assisting with decision making, trust in care providers, difficulty making decisions, and responsibility for decision making. Being white and having experience making treatment decisions for the patient during the current intensive care unit encounter affected the likelihood the surrogate would permit participation in research positively (parameter estimates, 0.281 and 0.06, respectively). No variable reflecting difficulty functioning in the surrogate role was associated with permitting research participation. Conclusions: We were unable to demonstrate a relationship between perceived difficulty in decision making in the surrogate role and receptivity to clinical trial participation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51894
Pages (from-to)1310-1316
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Biospecimen
  • Clinical research
  • Critical illness
  • Path analysis
  • Substituted judgment
  • Surrogate decision maker

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