Docking and 3D-QSAR studies on isatin sulfonamide analogues as caspase-3 inhibitors

Qi Wang, Robert H. Mach, David E. Reichert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


To provide insight of their inhibition mechanism and facilitate the design of more potent ligands, a series of 59 isatin sulfonamide analogues were docked to the X-ray structure of caspase-3, one of the important cysteine aspartyl-specific execution proteases in apoptosis, and their binding conformations were analyzed by 3D-QSAR studies. Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) studies suggest that both steric and electrostatic interactions contribute to the compounds' binding affinity, with the major contribution arising from hydrophobic interactions. The models show excellent correlation and high predictive power even evaluated by the most stringent criteria for a QSAR model. The results of this work demonstrate that structure-based design methods (such as docking) cultivate the development of reliable QSAR models; they also illustrate the utility of this procedure in design of new potent caspase-3 ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1963-1973
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 24 2009


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