Efficient and accurate replication of the eukaryotic nuclear genome requires DNA polymerases (Pols) α, δ and ε. In all current replication fork models, polymerase α initiates replication. However, several models have been proposed for the roles of Pol δ and Pol ε in subsequent chain elongation and the division of labor between these two polymerases is still unclear. Here, we revisit this issue, considering recent studies with diagnostic mutator polymerases that support a model wherein Pol ε is primarily responsible for copying the leading-strand template and Pol δ is primarily responsible for copying the lagging-strand template. We also review earlier studies in light of this model and then consider prospects for future investigations of possible variations on this simple division of labor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-527
Number of pages7
JournalTrends in Cell Biology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2008


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