Abstract— In mouse cerebellum, in vivo. cyclic GMP levels are 7 pmol/mg protein in the vermis and 40% lower in the hemispheres, whereas cyclic AMP levels are 7 9 pmol/mg protein in both regions. In the vermis. most of the cyclic GMP is contained in the molecular layer; cyclic AMP levels are highest in the granular layer. Amphetamine, harmaline. pentylenetetrazol and physical shaking elevate, and diazepam and reserpine depress levels of cyclic GMP in both vermis and hemispheres. Oxotremorine and atropine, respectively, increase and decrease cyclic GMP levels only in vermis. Regardless of the agent used, most of the change (67 89%) in cyclic GMP levels occurs in the molecular layer of the vermis; the remainder occurs in the granular layer. Of the drugs tested, only pentylenetetrazol affects cyclic AMP levels, and this drug increases cyclic AMP levels in both vermis and hemispheres and causes equal elevations in the molecular and granular layers of the vermis. In incubated slices of mouse cerebellum, none of the drugs produces changes in cyclic nucleotide levels which are similar to those in vivo. These data indicate that many drugs and conditions that alter cyclic GMP levels in cerebellum act via a common, but indirect, process. We suggest that cyclic GMP levels in cerebellum are regulated by the activity of both the climbing fiber and mossy fiber cerebellar afferent systems. Increased activity in these afferent pathways causes elevation of cyclic GMP levels in Purkinje cells and perhaps in other cells; decreased activity leads to depressed cyclic GMP levels.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 1977|