Distinct Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Receptors Dictate Stem Cell Fitness versus Lineage Output in Dnmt3a-Mutant Clonal Hematopoiesis

Jennifer M. Sanmiguel, Elizabeth Eudy, Matthew A. Loberg, Kira A. Young, Jayna J. Mistry, Kristina D. Mujica, Logan S. Schwartz, Timothy M. Stearns, Grant A. Challen, Jennifer J. Trowbridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clonal hematopoiesis resulting from the enhanced fitness of mutant hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) associates with both favorable and unfavorable health outcomes related to the types of mature mutant blood cells produced, but how this lineage output is regu-lated is unclear. Using a mouse model of a clonal hematopoiesis–associated mutation, DNMT3AR882/+ (Dnmt3aR878H/+), we found that aging-induced TNFα signaling promoted the selective advantage of mutant HSCs and stimulated the production of mutant B lymphoid cells. The genetic loss of the TNFα receptor TNFR1 ablated the selective advantage of mutant HSCs without altering their lineage output, whereas the loss of TNFR2 resulted in the overproduction of mutant myeloid cells without altering HSC fitness. These results nominate TNFR1 as a target to reduce clonal hematopoiesis and the risk of associated diseases and support a model in which clone size and mature blood lineage production can be independently controlled to modulate favorable and unfavorable clonal hematopoiesis outcomes. SIGNIFICANCE: Through the identification and dissection of TNFα signaling as a key driver of murine Dnmt3a-mutant hematopoiesis, we report the discovery that clone size and production of specific mature blood cell types can be independently regulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2763-2773
Number of pages11
JournalCancer discovery
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

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