Distinct sensitivities to SARS-CoV-2 variants in vaccinated humans and mice

Alexandra C. Walls, Laura A. VanBlargan, Kai Wu, Angela Choi, Mary Jane Navarro, Diana Lee, Laura Avena, Daniela Montes Berrueta, Minh N. Pham, Sayda Elbashir, John C. Kraft, Marcos C. Miranda, Elizabeth Kepl, Max Johnson, Alyssa Blackstone, Kaitlin Sprouse, Brooke Fiala, Megan A. O'Connor, Natalie Brunette, Prabhu S. ArunachalamLisa Shirreff, Kenneth Rogers, Lauren Carter, Deborah H. Fuller, Francois Villinger, Bali Pulendran, Michael S. Diamond, Darin K. Edwards, Neil P. King, David Veesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in 2019 has led to the development of a large number of vaccines, several of which are now approved for use in humans. Understanding vaccine-elicited antibody responses against emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) in real time is key to inform public health policies. Serum neutralizing antibody titers are the current best correlate of protection from SARS-CoV-2 challenge in non-human primates and a key metric to understand immune evasion of VOCs. We report that vaccinated BALB/c mice do not recapitulate faithfully the breadth and potency of neutralizing antibody responses elicited by various vaccine platforms against VOCs, compared with non-human primates or humans, suggesting caution should be exercised when interpreting data obtained with this animal model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111299
JournalCell Reports
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2022

Keywords

  • antibodies
  • COVID-19
  • CP: Immunology
  • CP: Microbiology
  • humans
  • mouse
  • non-human primates
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • vaccines

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