In the roundtable that follows, clinicians discuss a study published in this issue of the Journal in light of its methodology, relevance to practice, and implications for future research. Article discussed:. Trautmann GM, Kip KE, Richter HE, et al. Do short-term markers of treatment efficacy predict long-term sequelae of PID? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008;198:30.e1-30.e7.