Discrimination Amongst Leishmania by Polymerase Chain Reaction and Hybridization with Small Subunit Ribosomal DNA Derived Oligonucleotides

SILVIA R.B. ULIANA, KIMBERLYN NELSON, STEPHEN M. BEVERLEY, ERNEY P. CAMARGO, LUCILE M. FLOETER‐WINTER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

ABSTRACT. A method for discriminating among Leishmania is described, based upon small subunit ribosomal DNA sequence differences. The method was to amplify the entire 2.2 kb small subunit rDNA by polymerase chain reaction using conserved primers specific for the 5′ and 3′ termini of the small subunit ribosomal RNA, and then hybridize the product dotted onto nylon membranes with labeled oligonucleotides. The design of the hybridization probes was based upon complete small subunit rDNA sequences from L. amazonensis, L. major and L. guyanensis and partial sequences of L. mexicana, L. braziliensis, L. tropica and L. chagasi. A high degree of sequence similarity (> 99%) among species was found. However, sufficient sequence divergence occurred to permit the design of internal oligonucleotide probes specific for species complexes. This procedure successfully discriminated amongst a wide range of Leishmania isolates. The method detected as few as 10 cultured organisms and detected parasites in tissue samples from experimentally infected animals. Non‐radioactive labeling showed the same specificity and sensitivity as radioactive probes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-330
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • L. braziliensis
  • L. chagasi
  • L. guyanensis
  • L. major
  • L. mexicana
  • L. tropica.
  • Leishmania amazonensis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Discrimination Amongst Leishmania by Polymerase Chain Reaction and Hybridization with Small Subunit Ribosomal DNA Derived Oligonucleotides'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this