Discriminating radiation injury from recurrent tumor with [18F]PARPi and amino acid PET in mouse models

Patrick L. Donabedian, Susanne Kossatz, John A. Engelbach, Stephen A. Jannetti, Brandon Carney, Robert J. Young, Wolfgang A. Weber, Joel R. Garbow, Thomas Reiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Radiation injury can be indistinguishable from recurrent tumor on standard imaging. Current protocols for this differential diagnosis require one or more follow-up imaging studies, long dynamic acquisitions, or complex image post-processing; despite much research, the inability to confidently distinguish between these two entities continues to pose a significant dilemma for the treating clinician. Using mouse models of both glioblastoma and radiation necrosis, we tested the potential of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-targeted PET imaging with [18F]PARPi to better discriminate radiation injury from tumor. Results: In mice with experimental radiation necrosis, lesion uptake on [18F]PARPi-PET was similar to contralateral uptake (1.02 ± 0.26 lesion/contralateral %IA/ccmax ratio), while [18F]FET-PET clearly delineated the contrast-enhancing region on MR (2.12 ± 0.16 lesion/contralateral %IA/ccmax ratio). In mice with focal intracranial U251 xenografts, tumor visualization on PARPi-PET was superior to FET-PET, and lesion-to-contralateral activity ratios (max/max, p = 0.034) were higher on PARPi-PET than on FET-PET. Conclusions: A murine model of radiation necrosis does not demonstrate [18F]PARPi avidity, and [18F]PARPi-PET is better than [18F]FET-PET in distinguishing radiation injury from brain tumor. [18F]PARPi-PET can be used for discrimination between recurrent tumor and radiation injury within a single, static imaging session, which may be of value to resolve a common dilemma in neuro-oncology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalEJNMMI Research
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Amino acid PET
  • Biomarkers
  • PARP1
  • PET/CT
  • Radiation injury
  • Radiation necrosis

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