Discovery of a novel CHD7 CHARGE syndrome variant by integrated omics analyses

Undiagnosed Diseases Network

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Chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) pathogenic variants are identified in more than 90% of infants and children with CHARGE (Coloboma of the iris, retina, and/or optic disk; congenital Heart defects, choanal Atresia, Retardation of growth and development, Genital hypoplasia, and characteristic outer and inner Ear anomalies and deafness) syndrome. Approximately, 10% of cases have no known genetic cause identified. We report a male child with clinical features of CHARGE syndrome and nondiagnostic genetic testing that included chromosomal microarray, CHD7 sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis, SEMA3E sequencing, and trio exome and whole-genome sequencing (WGS). We used a comprehensive clinical assessment, genome-wide methylation analysis (GMA), reanalysis of WGS data, and CHD7 RNA studies to discover a novel variant that causes CHD7 haploinsufficiency. The 7-year-old Hispanic male proband has typical phenotypic features of CHARGE syndrome. GMA revealed a CHD7-associated epigenetic signature. Reanalysis of the WGS data with focused bioinformatic analysis of CHD7 detected a novel, de novo 15 base pair deletion in Intron 4 of CHD7 (c.2239-20_2239-6delGTCTTGGGTTTTTGT [NM_017780.3]). Using proband RNA, we confirmed that this novel deletion causes CHD7 haploinsufficiency by disrupting the canonical 3′ splice site and introducing a premature stop codon. Integrated genomic, epigenomic, and transcriptome analyses discovered a novel CHD7 variant that causes CHARGE syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-548
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • CHARGE syndrome
  • CHD7
  • epigenetics
  • exome sequencing
  • genome sequencing


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