Purpose: The economic implications of brachial plexus injuries (BPI) in the United States are not well understood. The purpose of our study was to quantify the direct costs associated with surgical treatment of BPI after traumatic injury in adults, which would enable future study of the societal value of surgical reconstruction. Methods: Using an administrative database of patients with commercial insurance, a cohort of patients aged 18 to 64 years with BPI treated surgically from 2007 to 2015 was assembled and assessed for index admission associated with BPI surgery and all payments toward claims (including medical, surgical, therapy, and pharmacy claims) for 1 year after surgery. Results: Among 189 patients undergoing surgery for BPI, median direct payments were $38,816 (interquartile range: $18,209 to $72,411; minimum: $3,512; maximum: $732,641). Conclusions: Relative to recently published data for the indirect cost of traumatic BPI (median: $801,723), direct payments for 1 year after surgical treatment represent 4.6% of the total long-term cost of BPI. In the context of existing literature demonstrating cost-effectiveness in models of BPI surgical care, our data suggest that surgery and other interventions to maximize return to work after traumatic BPI in adults may be beneficial to society. Type of study/level of evidence: Economic and Decision Analyses IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-79
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery Global Online
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2020


  • Brachial plexus injury
  • Cost of surgery
  • Surgical reconstruction
  • Trauma


Dive into the research topics of 'Direct Cost of Surgically Treated Adult Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injuries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this