Diffusion tractography and neuromotor outcome in very preterm children with white matter abnormalities

Meredith E. Estep, Christopher D. Smyser, Peter J. Anderson, Cynthia M. Ortinau, Michael Wallendorf, Charles S. Katzman, Lex W. Doyle, Deanne K. Thompson, Jeffery J. Neil, Terrie E. Inder, Joshua S. Shimony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:Moderate-to-severe white matter abnormality (WMA) in the newborn has been shown to produce persistent disruptions in cerebral connectivity but does not universally result in neurodevelopmental disability in very preterm (VPT) children. The aims of this hypothesis-driven study were to apply diffusion imaging to: (i) examine whether bilateral WMA detected in VPT children in the newborn period can predict microstructural organization at the age of 7 y and (ii) compare corticospinal tract and corpus callosum (CC) measures in VPT children at the age of 7 y with neonatal WMA with normal vs. impaired motor functioning.Methods:Diffusion parameters of the corticospinal tract and CC were compared between VPT 7-y olds with (n = 20) and without (n = 42) bilateral WMA detected in the newborn period. For those with WMA, diffusion parameters were further examined.Results:Microstructural organization of corticospinal tract and CC tracts at the age of 7 y were altered in VPT children with moderate-to-severe WMA detected at term equivalent age as compared with those without injury. Furthermore, diffusion parameters differed in the CC for children with WMA categorized by motor outcome (n = 8).Conclusion:WMA on conventional magnetic resonance imaging at term equivalent age is associated with altered microstructural organization of the corticospinal tract and CC at 7 y of age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric research
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

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