Diffusion tensor imaging of Ex vivo cervical spinal cord specimens: The immediate and long-term effects of fixation on diffusivity

T. H. Kim, L. Zollinger, X. F. Shi, J. Rose, E. K. Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an emerging noninvasive method for evaluating tissue microstructure, but is highly susceptible to in vivo motion artifact. Ex vivo experiments on fixed tissues are needed to improve DTI techniques, which require fixed tissue specimens. Several efforts have been made to study the effect of fixation on both human and mouse tissue, with varying results. Four human cervical cords and three segments of pig cervical spinal cord specimens were imaged both before and after tissue fixation using 3D multishot diffusion weighted imaging (ms-DWEPI). Fixation caused a significant decrease in the longitudinal diffusivity whereas the relative anisotropy (RA) and radial diffusivity remained unaffected. Additionally, once adequately preserved, the diffusivity parameters of fixed tissue remain constant over time. Fixation has important effects on the diffusivity of tissue specimens. These findings have important implications for the determination of tissue microstructure and function using DTI technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalAnatomical Record
Volume292
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diffusion MRI
  • Effect of fixation
  • Microstructure of cells

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