Diffuse, non-polar electropermeabilization and reduced propidium uptake distinguish the effect of nanosecond electric pulses

Iurii Semenov, Christian Zemlin, Olga N. Pakhomova, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ca2 + activation and membrane electroporation by 10-ns and 4-ms electric pulses (nsEP and msEP) were compared in rat embryonic cardiomyocytes. The lowest electric field which triggered Ca2 + transients was expectedly higher for nsEP (36 kV/cm) than for msEP (0.09 kV/cm) but the respective doses were similar (190 and 460 mJ/g). At higher intensities, both stimuli triggered prolonged firing in quiescent cells. An increase of basal Ca2 + level by > 10 nM in cells with blocked voltage-gated Ca2 + channels and depleted Ca2 + depot occurred at 63 kV/cm (nsEP) or 0.14 kV/cm (msEP) and was regarded as electroporation threshold. These electric field values were at 150-230% of stimulation thresholds for both msEP and nsEP, notwithstanding a 400,000-fold difference in pulse duration. For comparable levels of electroporative Ca2 + uptake, msEP caused at least 10-fold greater uptake of propidium than nsEP, suggesting increased yield of larger pores. Electroporation by msEP started Ca2 + entry abruptly and locally at the electrode-facing poles of cell, followed by a slow diffusion to the center. In a stark contrast, nsEP evoked a "supra-electroporation" pattern of slower but spatially uniform Ca2 + entry. Thus nsEP and msEP had comparable dose efficiency, but differed profoundly in the size and localization of electropores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2118-2125
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Volume1848
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcium activation
  • Cardiomyocytes
  • Electropermeabilization
  • Electroporation
  • Nanosecond electric pulses

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