While several studies have investigated the regulation of the Na,K- ATPase consisting of the α1 and β1 subunits, there is little evidence that intracellular messengers influence the other Na pump isozymes. We studied the effect of different protein kinases and arachidonic acid on the rat Na,K- ATPase isoforms expressed in Sf-9 insect cells. Our results indicate that PKA, PKC, and PKG are able to differentially modify the function of the Na,K- ATPase isozymes. While PKC activation leads to inhibition of all isozymes, PKA activation stimulates the activity of the Na,K-ATPase α3β1 and decreases that of the α1β1 and α2β1 isozymes. In contrast, activation of PKG diminishes the activity of the α1β1 and α3β1 isozymes, without altering that of α2β1. Treatment of cells with arachidonic acid reduced the activities of all the isozymes. The changes in the catalytic capabilities of the Na pump isozymes elicited by PKA and PKC are reflected by changes in the molecular activity of the Na,K-ATPases. One of the mechanisms by which PKA and PKC affect Na pump isozyme activity is through direct phosphorylation of the α subunit. In the insect cells, we found a PKA- and PKC-dependent phosphorylation of the α1, α2 and α3 polypeptides. In conclusion, several intracellular messengers are able to modulate the function of the Na,K- ATPase isozymes and some of them in a specific fashion. Because the Na,K- ATPase isozymes have kinetic properties that are unique, this isozyme- specific regulation may be important in adapting Na pump function to the requirements of each cell.
- Protein kinases