Differential physiologic effects of perfusion of scala tympani versus scala vestibuli in the ischemic cochlea

Toshimitsu Kobayashi, Masaaki Rokugo, Tomonori Takasaka, Ruediger Thalmann

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10 Scopus citations


The effectiveness of perilymphatic perfusion with oxygenated artificial media upon the endocochlear potential (EP) was measured during systemic ischemia in the guinea pig. Differences in the effects of perfusion of the two perilymphatic scalae were determined. Perfusion of scala vestibuli with oxygenated artificial perilymph at a high flow rate resulted in complete recovery of the EP to the pre-ischemic level, whereas perfusion of scala tympani with the same medium was unable to effect complete recovery. The recovery obtained by perfusion of scala tympani was about half that obtained of scala vestibuli. The pO2 in scala media was measured during perfusion by means of oxygen-sensitive microelectrodes. perfusion of scala vestibuli led to an approximately two-fold higher pO2 in scala media than perfusion of scala tympani. During perfusion, the pO2 in scala media varied dependent upon depth of electrode insertion, with a gradient decreasing toward the stria vascularis, a direction opposite to that seen under normal metabolic conditions. These findings suggest that, in the ischemic cochlea, oxygen enters scala media more easily from scala vestibuli across Reissner's membrane than from scala tympani via the basilar membrane/organ of Corti complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-511
Number of pages5
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993


  • Endocochlear potential
  • Partial oxygen pressure
  • Perilymphatic perfusion
  • Stria vascularis


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